The Different Types of Coffee Beans and What They Mean To Your Coffee
You probably know that different types of coffee beans have different tastes. For example, Arabica and Robusta are two different species of the same plant, the coffee plant. Similarly, there are also several different kinds of hybridized plants that grow on the same principle as hybridized plants like oaks or lilies. In addition to those known types of beans, there are also several other subcategories with unique names like Blue Mountain or Yellow Ethiopia. Each type of bean has its own distinct taste and smell. Which type of bean is best for you depends on your personal preferences, brewing methods, and even where you live. To learn more about each kind of coffee bean available and what they mean for your cup, read on!
Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta is the second most commonly grown coffee in the world after Arabica. These two species of coffee beans are closely related to each other, but they have a dramatic difference in taste. Robusta beans are much cheaper to grow, which means they are often used as lower-quality filler beans in blends. They are also higher in caffeine content, meaning they’ll make a stronger cup of coffee. Because Robusta is less expensive and stronger, you may find it in instant coffee, espresso, or pre-ground coffee. If you are looking for a bolder cup of coffee, Robusta is the way to go.
Arabica Coffee Beans
Arabica is the most popular variety of coffee beans. It is known for its smooth, rich taste, and Arabica beans are used in all high-quality, non-instant coffee. Arabica is the most expensive variety, but the additional expense is worth it. This type of bean is naturally sweeter, which makes it the perfect choice for iced coffee drinks like iced lattes or iced mochas. The caffeine content in Arabica is lower than that of Robusta beans, which makes it more desirable for iced drinks since caffeine melts ice.
Other Common Types of Coffee Beans
There are many other types of coffee beans, but the above are the most common. There are three subcategories of Arabica beans: Bourbon, Typica, and Caturra. Most people can’t taste the difference between these three types, but the flavor might be different depending on where it is grown. There are also three major Robusta subcategories: Brazilian, Indian, and Liberian.
Blended Beans: A Mix of Robusta and Arabica
Blended beans contain a mix of both Arabica and Robusta, though the ratio varies depending on the brand. When choosing blended varieties, it’s important to check the percentage of each type of bean because it makes a big difference in the flavor. For example, a coffee blend with 60% Robusta and 40% Arabica will taste much different than one with the same percentage of the two beans. Note that many coffee shops will sell blended coffee beans, but you can also buy blended coffee beans from the grocery store.
Organically Grown Beans
Organic coffee isn’t just better for your health; it also tastes better! Coffee beans grown organically have been shown to have a richer flavor and be less bitter than non-organic coffee beans. Many people cannot taste the difference between organic and non-organic coffee, but those who can say that organic coffee is creamier and has a richer flavor. Just like with other foods, the “organic” label on coffee is not regulated by the government. This means that some “organic” coffee beans may not be as pure as you think. However, some coffee companies, like Starbucks, get their organic coffee beans certified. If you’re looking for organic coffee, make sure to check the label.
Summing It Up
The different types of coffee beans determine the flavor and taste of your coffee. Arabica beans have a richer flavor, but Robusta beans have a stronger flavor. Depending on your personal taste, you can choose either one or a blend of the two. Organically grown coffee beans are said to taste much better than non-organic beans. The choice is yours!